Articulation Agreement: The term ‘articulation agreement’ means a written commitment that is agreed upon at the State level or approved annually by the lead administrators of a secondary institution and a postsecondary educational institution; or a sub-baccalaureate degree granting postsecondary educational institution and a baccalaureate degree granting postsecondary educational institution; and, to a program that is ‘‘designed to provide students with a non-duplicative sequence of progressive achievement leading to technical skill proficiency, a credential, a certificate, or a degree; and linked through credit transfer agreements between the two institutions.
Articulated Credit: The term “articulated credit” refers to the college credits students earn for successfully completing a college course that are “banked” at the community college until the student enrolls in a program at the community college. After students complete additional college requirements, students receive the college credit.
Career Academies: Career Academies are generally a three or four year structure developed around a career theme or Career Clusters. They are characterized by a POS that offers career and technical education courses that integrate a career theme across the entire academic and career and technical curricula, and integrate academic and career and technical knowledge and skills through contextual and interdisciplinary/cross-curricular instruction, provide work-based learning opportunities for students, and prepare students for postsecondary education and employment with the personalized learning environment of a small community.
Local employer partnerships provide program planning guidance, mentors, and work internships, if available and appropriate. The school structure supports constructive relationships between and among students and teachers by grouping students together each year to take core courses with the same group of teachers, thus increasing the support students receive.
National Academy Foundation (NAF): http://naf.org/
National Career Academy Coalition: http://www.ncacinc.com/
Career Exploration Experience: means learning experiences, including structured learning experiences which assist students in clarifying career goals, exploring career possibilities, developing employability skills, developing foundational knowledge necessary for success in the workplace, and making the transition from school to careers, including postsecondary education or training and employment (6A:19-4.2 Definitions).
New Jersey Administrative Code: http://www.nj.gov/education/code/current/title6a/chap19.pdf
Career and Technical Education: “Career and technical education” means organized educational activities that: offer a sequence of courses (which may include structured learning experiences) providing students with the rigorous academic and technical knowledge and skills required to prepare for postsecondary education or training and for careers in emerging and established professions; and that may lead to technical skill proficiency, a credential, a certificate, or a degree; and that include competency-based applied learning that contributes to the academic knowledge, higher-order reasoning and problem-solving skills, work attitudes, general employability skills, technical skills, and occupation-specific skills, and knowledge of all aspects of an industry, including entrepreneurships. The term “career and technical education” is used synonymously throughout this chapter with the term “vocational-technical education” in those places where the term “vocational-technical education” must be retained due to its basis in statute. (6A:19-4.2 Definitions).
Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO): “Career and technical student organization” means an organization for students enrolled in an approved career and technical education program that engages in career and technical education activities as an integral part of the instructional program. Such organizations must have State and national units that establish and coordinate the work and purposes of instruction in career and technical education at the local level (6A:19-4.2 Definitions).
Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP): “Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP)” means the taxonomic scheme that supports the accurate tracking, assessment, and reporting of fields of study and program completion activity. CIP was originally developed by the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) in 1980, with revisions occurring in 1985 and 1990 (6A:19-4.2 Definitions).
National Center for Educational Statistics: http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/cipcode/Default.aspx?y=55
Concurrent/Dual Credit: Students simultaneously earn both credits towards high school graduation requirements, and college credits for successfully completing a college course.
Contextual Learning: Learning occurs only when students (learners) process new information or knowledge in such a way that it makes sense to them in their own frames of reference (their own inner worlds of memory, experience and response). This approach to learning and teaching assumes that the mind naturally seeks meaning in context—that is, in relation to the person’s current environment—and that it does so by searching for relationships that make sense and appear useful. CORD (1999) Teaching Mathematics Contextually, page 1, CORD Communications, Inc.
Course: “Course” means an organization of subject matter and related learning experiences designed to meet a career and technical education objective provided for the instruction of students as part of an approved career and technical education program (N.J.A.C. 6A:19-4.2 Definitions).
Employability skills or “soft skills” or “job readiness skills”: Employability skills are the basic skills that individuals must possess to be successful in their careers. These skills include the following: basic skills (e.g., reading, writing, science, mathematics, organizational skills, listening and communicating), personal qualities (e.g., responsible, self-confident, good social skills, self control/self-management, integrity and honesty, adaptability and flexibility, team player, punctual and efficient, self-directed, good work attitude, well groomed, cooperative, self-motivated), and higher order thinking skills (e.g., creativity, decision-making, problem solving, reasoning) needed in the workplace.
Interdisciplinary/Cross-Curricular Teaching: Interdisciplinary/cross-curricular teaching involves the conscious effort of teachers to integrate academic and technical knowledge and skills, and concepts and ideas important for students to learn in the curricula, lesson plans, and to apply it to classroom projects (etc.) in all related disciplines (e.g., academic courses and career and technical courses) involved in a program of study.
Internship: means paid or unpaid structured learning experiences in non-hazardous occupations that are designed for career exploration and which include supervised practical training (N.J.A.C. 6A:19-4.2 Definitions).
Job shadowing: means unpaid structured learning experiences in which students determine by observation, interview, and study the pertinent information related to an occupation or career (N.J.A.C. 6A:19-4.2 Definitions).
Personalized Student Learning Plan: is a formalized plan and process that involves students setting learning goals based on personal, academic and career interests, beginning in the middle school grades and continuing throughout high school with the close support of adult mentors that include teachers, counselors and parents. (N.J.A.C. 6A:8)
Structured Learning Experiences: Structured learning experience (SLE)” means experiential, supervised, in-depth learning experiences that are designed to offer students the opportunity to more fully explore career interests within one or more of the Career Clusters, as described in N.J.A.C. 6A:8-3.2, Career education and counseling. SLEs are designed as rigorous activities that are integrated into the curriculum and that provide students with opportunities to: demonstrate and apply a high level of academic attainment; develop career goals; and develop personal/social goals.” NJ Administrative Code; Career and Technical Education Programs and Standards.
Workforce Investment Board (WIB): “Workforce Investment Board” means local partnerships and public sector participants that provide coordinated planning, guidance and oversight for all workforce readiness programs in their designated area.